Our professional email is solely meant for professional communications; that is, to retain or represent legal clients. Communications with our professional email are billed by the hour. Spam communications that are not legitimate legal inquiries may be reported or prosecuted. We do collect information concerning individuals who contact us and we have sued and reported spammers.
You are responsible to understand the terms of a lawyer-client relationship, as you are liable for breaching them. If you are unsure about the meaning of any of these terms, you are responsible to ask us.
Generally speaking, the relationship between a lawyer and a client is similar to that between a doctor and a patient. A patient is not expected to argue with a doctor, pester it, or ignore its advice. Similarly, a client's role in a lawyer-client relationship is not to argue with, pester, or ignore the lawyer's advice. Rather, the role of the client is to solicit the legal opinion or advice of a lawyer in exchange for a fee. A lawyer can terminate its relationship with a client for failing to follow its legal opinion or advice or failing to pay its fee. Where a client does not pay a fee, there never was a lawyer-client relationship to begin.
If a client does not want to follow a legal opinion or to pay legal fees, then it should not consult with a lawyer. (One should not eat at a restaurant if one does not want to pay the bill.)
Hamza Law ('we,' 'our,' or 'us') does not give legal 'advice' for free or at all, on this site or elsewhere, nor do we guarantee that any information from us, including any information on this site, is accurate, complete, or relevant to your concerns. To get legal advice, you must hire a lawyer. Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for a lawyer. Since legal advice depends on your case, you should not rely on information you find online or your own interpretation. You should always seek the advice of a lawyer for legal matters.
Please note that unlike some lawyers we do not give legal 'advice' or 'instructions' but a legal opinion to our clients, which they may choose to follow. We do not tell clients or other people what to think or do. They are entirely responsible for their choices. However, we do not retain clients who do not follow our opinion, as there is no point in our consulting or retaining them. For instance, there is no point in our keeping clients who ignore us or blame us for their choices. If a client does not pay us for a legal opinion, it especially acts of its own volition at its own risk and with prejudice to us, especially if it blames us. You understand that you are liable for attributing to us a legal opinion we did not confirm in writing with our signature in the presence of two agreeable witnesses.
Your use of this site or communicating with us does not make us your lawyer. If you want us to be your lawyer or to receive legal advice from us, you must sign a Retainer Agreement with us. We are not responsible for any information we may provide or opinions we may express if (1) it is not a legal opinion or advice we give to you while (2) we are 'retained' or hired as your lawyer to give you this specific opinion or advice. Without a retainer, we are just ordinary citizens and strangers to you with our own thoughts and opinions that are none of your business and for which we are not liable.
You may not quote us or paraphrase us when quoting us without our permission. The same applies to any information you obtained from us, including oral and written communications. Otherwise, you may be liable for misrepresenting our speech or intentions at that time or any other, or for breach of information or privacy, making you liable for plagiarism, theft, or defamation if the information is stolen, prevaricated, or used for a purpose for which it was not intended or allowed.
Whether we are retained as your lawyer or not, if:
1. we do not sign or e-sign any terms in writing or print, as confirmed by least two agreeable witnesses, and
2. we are not asked about the terms of the agreement or
3. we are not allowed to explain them,
then we make no meaningful representation to you or promise, and there is no agreement, explicit or implied, between us. We make no verbal agreements and do not agree to do work of any kind without pay for at least fair market value.
Your use of this site is voluntary and at your own risk. We are not responsible for any damages that result from your voluntary use of this site.
As long as we are not hired as your lawyer to give you a specific legal opinion you paid us to provide, you should not rely on any information from us or opinions we may express. If you do, you do so at your own risk and may be liable toward us. Outside of our business relationship as lawyer and client, you have the same status as a stranger to us. As such, your soliciting us for anything but serious business constitutes spam, harassment, or fraud.
We call this the Parking Meter principle. Put simply, we will operate for you as long as you put a deposit and abide by our terms. Otherwise, you cannot assume we are anything but strangers to you and must be keenly aware that you are fully liable, and interact with us at your own risk, as soon as the money runs out or you do not follow any of our terms or policies.
By representing clients or speaking on their behalf, we do not presume everything they say is right. Part of a lawyer's job is to be a voice for clients who cannot eloquently express themselves, as well as counsel to clients who ignore the law. For instance, our client may wish to say X, and we will say X because that is what our client wants to express, and because our client has the right to express it; not because we agree that X is right or wrong.
By advocating for clients' rights, we do not presume they are right, but that they have rights. Therefore, our personal positions should not be equated or conflated with our clients'.
The Hamza Law website (www.hamzalaw.ca or 'this website') may collect personal information relating to legal inquiries, such as:
This website may also collect, with the user's consent, personal information that is relevant to:
This website also collects data that is necessary to report abusive calls or emails to police or to prosecute spammers for contravening Canada's Anti-Spam Legislation, which carries a liability of up to a $1,000,000 per day under s. 51(1) of the Act.
We use session, persistent and third party cookies to:
We may share generic aggregated demographic information with trusted business partners, affiliates and advertisers.
If you leave a comment on our site you may choose to save your name and email in cookies. These are for your convenience, so you do not have to fill in your details again when you leave another comment. These cookies will last for one year.
If you do not want cookies to be stored on your computer, you can delete or disable them. Please check the user guide for your browser on how to do this.
Articles on this site may include embedded content, such as videos, images, and articles. Embedded content from other websites behaves as if the visitor visited the other website.
Your use of this website does not establish any kind of legal relationship between you and us, such as a contractual, fiduciary, or lawyer-client relationship. Hence, we are not responsible for any personal information you choose to submit. You are solely responsible to protect your own personal information.
You may ask us to send you information you submitted or to delete it at a cost for our time. However, we may not respond, since we may not have this information or the time or interest to search for it or retrieve it, and we are not responsible for it. We may also be obliged to keep some information for administrative, legal, or security purposes.
There is no completely secure method to transfer or store information, which is always susceptible to loss, destruction, misdirection, or misuse. Hence, you are always fully responsible to protect your personal information.
Your personal information is like your keys. We are not responsible for them unless you give them to us as your lawyer, and only for that term up to the value of its consideration. In other words, if you trust us with your keys for 10 days for $10, we only accept responsibility for them for up to 10 days or a $10 loss.
An automated spam detection service will check your comments or messages.
Verification of Client ID
We do not answer correspondences by unidentified parties, nor do we accept unidentified or non-paying clients. As we are an identified law firm and legal professionals (see LSO profile) clients bear the onus to identify themselves and pay for services to show they are genuine. We do not communicate with clients unless:
We also check legal documents or evidence to avoid and report fraud and will not retain a dishonest client.
Electronic File Management
Hamza Law is a paperless law firm. We only keep physical files when necessary, such as Wills and original contracts. We use an electronic system of file management, which makes information less susceptible to damage, theft, or loss. This system is protected by a firewall and antivirus, and uses a double backup system, which is both hardware and network-based.
Our clients are required to send us electronic copies of relevant documents for the purposes of the retainer. Clients who fail to produce the necessary documents or evidence, or who are guilty of fraud, are deemed to terminate their retainer with us. Clients who are guilty of fraud will be prosecuted.
Clients are responsible for keeping their own records unless they have a contract with us to keep their records at a cost. We keep our own record that includes formal correspondences, such as letter exchanges. (See the section on Modes of Communication below.) We also keep an email archive. However, the informality of emails and their volume reduces the standard of safety.
Our Retainer Agreement contains further details concerning our policies for information storage, retrieval, and destruction.
By transferring personal information to us, the client accepts:
If these conditions are not met, we are deemed not to accept the retainer or transfer of personal information.
We only make reasonable use of clients' information to formulate a legal opinion, which is not an instruction or advice (i.e., an imperative) though it may seem to be so. We are not the guardian of clients' information or the keeper of their secrets.
While confidentiality is appropriate for matters that do not concern the public—like trade secrets—the law is public, and evidence for a public claim is public. We do not collude with clients or protect their secrets. Rather, we represent clients who make public claims with public proof.
If clients wish to protect their information or secrets, they can present issues to us in the form of a hypothetical question. We cannot assume a hypothetical is real unless it is (1) asserted as a factual claim and (2) its facticity is verified. Clients are responsible to protect their information and secrets, which belong to them. Our job is only to give a legal opinion based on a specific real or hypothetical scenario.
If a client or other party is uncertain about the status of its personal information with us, it is responsible to read this policy or to ask us concerning it. A client who negligently foists its personal information on us or responsibility for it is liable for breach of contract and breach of trust according to these terms.
Transfer of Personal Information to a Third Party
If, for the purposes of the retainer, we must transfer personal information about a client or other party to a third party, we will normally get that party's signed consent and the third party to sign a non-disclosure agreement.
Hamza Law distinguishes between three methods of communication, which are formal, semi-formal and informal.
Formal communications—such as an agreement, offer to settle, or legal opinion—are in the form of a PDF on Hamza Law letterhead, signed by Oussama Hamza.
Formal communications are official. Semi-formal and informal communications are not official.
Emails are semi-formal communication. Hamza Law uses email as a primary method of communication to save time, focus communication, and keep a record of it.
We apply email safety protocols to reduce the risk of inadvertent disclosure. These include:
Semi-formal communications are unofficial. The following section details our email policy.
Oral communications, including phone and virtual meetings, are informal. Other parties must ask for written confirmation of any statement of ours to (1) confirm it is our statement or intent and (2) to avoid a pointless he-said-she-said scenario. Errors are likelier to occur in oral communication, which does not represent our accurate meaning or intent, unless we confirm it in writing.
We only engages in oral communication when it is necessary or more efficient; for instance, when emails are unnecessary or cumbersome.
As discussed under the heading of Methods of Communication, we consider email to be a semi-formal method of communication, which is not official. Basic terms of email communication with us include the following:
You consent to communicate by email by communicating with this address.
This email is private and confidential. This email is only meant for the intended receiver and may contain private or confidential information. Unauthorized use or sharing of this email or its contents is strictly prohibited. If you aren't the intended receiver, you must notify me and destroy all copies of this email and its contents.
Our firewall sometimes filters legitimate email. If your email contains important information, please make sure to obtain our written confirmation that we received this information.
You are liable for information you disclose without my consent.
Abusive messages will be reported to police.
Spammers will be prosecuted for up to a $1,000,000 per day pursuant to s. 51(1) of Canada's Anti-Spam Legislation.
Spamming is a serious tort pursuant to Canada's Anti-Spam Legislation. It can also constitute criminal harassment pursuant to the Criminal Code. We register callers' and emailers' information with an aim to prosecute them if they violate these rules or our terms and policies, as amended.
All communications from us are without prejudice on our part. Our offers to communicate with other parties with prejudice is on their part, not ours. This means any statements by us do not constitute a deliberate admission of any laws or facts, or any interpretations thereof, without written and signed confirmation by us in the presence of at least two agreeable witnesses to us. This is especially true in negotiations, where we may make concessions without making any legal or factual presumptions, or without admitting or implying any legal or factual basis therefor.
We do not agree to any recording of our statements without our prior informed consent to it and its use. This must be confirmed in writing with our signature in the presence of at least two agreeable witnesses to us, like any agreement with us or confirmation. In the consent form, you must indicate to us the method of recording and how you intend to use or interpret the recording. You must agree to send us a complete copy of the recording with all your notes and information concerning it. You must also agree that you cannot use the recording as proof against us, and that our interpretation of our words prevails over yours, among other terms we may require.
As a general rule, we communicate with others, as we must, but do not give anyone our words to interpret or do with them as they please without our informed consent.
When a client retains us, it will be asked to sign a Retainer Agreement with us that sets out the purpose for which we are retained. Upon signing this retainer, the client agrees to our collection, use, or disclosure of its information to fulfill the purpose of the retainer.
If a client requests additional services from us beyond the original retainer, it implicitly consents to our use of its information already in our possession, as well as new information we collect for the new purpose.
Under PIPEDA and other federal and provincial legislation, we may disclose personal information without client consent to:
Our own information, which we possess or produce, is private and confidential. Users are liable under privacy law, the law of torts and intellectual property, among others, for the use or disclosure of this information in a way that is prejudicial to us, or to which we do not consent.
We do not consent to the use or sharing of our information without our consent, except in ways that are nonprejudicial and profitable to it without violating any laws or ethics.
Conversely, we do not guarantee the privacy or confidentiality of any information you relay to us through this site, so long as you do not retain us as your lawyer. To be clear, we are not your lawyer, and information from us is not legal advice, unless we sign a Retainer Agreement with you to act as your lawyer and you fulfill all the terms of that retainer. In other words, until you a sign a retainer with us and pay a deposit, we are strangers to you with no business or other relations or special obligations toward you.
Your access or use of information we produce or possess through this website or other media means you agree to follow its terms and policies, as amended. We reserve the right to modify these terms and policies without notice or penalty. By using this website, you agree to be bound by these modifications. If you do not understand or agree with any of these terms, you must not access or use this website and are responsible for doing so.
The listing content on this website is protected by copyright and other laws, and is intended solely for the private, non-commercial use by individuals. Any other reproduction, distribution or use of the content, in whole or in part, is specifically forbidden. The prohibited uses include commercial use, 'screen scraping,' 'database scraping' and any other activity intended to collect, store, reorganize, or manipulate data on the pages produced by or displayed on this website.
This site contains information, software, communications, text, graphics, advertising, images, photos, artwork and other material and services various Canadian and international intellectual property laws protect. This includes copyright and trademark law, as well as other proprietary rights in the information currently on this site. These rights will continue to exist in all information developed or posted on this site in the future.
Unless sold to the user with permissions and proof in the form of a written agreement attested and executed by at least two agreeable witnesses to both parties, materials we own or produce belong to us with copyright, all rights being reserved to us. You are liable for modifying or reproducing any part of our materials without our written and signed consent.
Hamza Law® and the Hamza Law® logo are certification marks that are owned by Hamza Law® and licensed exclusively to it. The Hamza Law® trademark and the Hamza Law® logo are owned by Oussama Hamza and identify the professional legal services provided by members of Hamza Law®.
We assume no responsibility for the completeness or accuracy of the information on this website, which does not constitute legal advice. Use of this website or communication with us does not establish a lawyer-client relationship between us and the user.
You agree to use this site without our accepting any liability for any damages caused because of, or in connection to, your use of this site or by relying on the information available on it.
We may update or amend these terms and policies at any time without notice or penalty to users of this site ('users'). Users must respect these terms and policies, as amended, to use and access this site, and more generally to communicate or share information with us. These terms and policies constitute an agreement between us and people who communicate or share information with us. Users are therefore responsible check these terms and policies and amendments from time to time or if they have a specific question concerning the sharing or use of information or communications with us.
Parties who customarily interact with us for business are especially responsible to be aware of these policies and to ask us concerning them if in doubt. For instance, clients and counsel for other parties who communicate with us are responsible to familiarize with our terms and policies, as amended, and to ask us about them if unsure, before retaining us, communicating with us, or making use of our information or any information they obtained from us.
Our terms and policies constitute an agreement between us and parties with whom we share information. They are terms and policies based on which we agree to share information or communicate with other parties and for them to interpret our information or communications. If any of these terms conflicts with a local law, the latter shall not supersede or revoke any other terms or policies that are are consistent with local laws.
Note that local laws can only apply in that jurisdiction to supersede or revoke any of our terms or policies. They do not apply to us if we do not fall under the authority of that jurisdiction.
Any dispute regarding our terms or policies—or any disputed statement, agreement, meaning, or intent that is attributed to us—may be resolved by obtaining written and signed confirmation from us in the presence of two agreeable witnesses.
It should also be noted that our terms and policies for sharing information inure to us and cannot be unilaterally imposed on us, especially by a stranger or someone in another jurisdiction.
Basically, we choose with whom and how to share information and on what terms (e.g., how we consent to its use or interpretation) unless they are imposed on us.